Penelitian yang dilakukan staf pengajar MPRK merupakan bagian tak terpisahkan dari upaya membangun masyarakat Indonesia yang lebih damai dan demokratis selain mengembangkan ilmu di bidang perdamaian dan resolusi konflik itu sendiri. Dengan semangat ini lah, hasil-hasil riset yang ada sengaja kami bagi di sini. Silakan akses atau unduh tulisan-tulisan di bawah ini dan dimanfaatkan sebesar-besarnya demi kepentingan bersama. Penelitian beserta hasilnya tidak terbatas pada ketiga dosen yang ditampilkan pada saat ini. Karya-karya dari dosen lain menyusul seiring dengan riset baru yang dilakukan dosen yang bersangkutan.

Poppy S. Winanti

Conflict-Sensitive Perspective in Managing Extractive Industries (in ‘Posing the Challenge’, Working Paper (2014), PolGov Research Centre, Dept of Politics and Government, Universitas Gadjah Mada)

Key Words: Extractive industries, Conflict-Sensitive Approaches (CSAs), conflict risk assessment, conflict risk management, and conflict analysis

It is widely accepted that extractive industries are being implemented in both environmentally and socially risky environments. In this regard, integrating ‘Environmental Impact Assessment’ (EIA), ‘Social Impact Assessment’ (SIA), as well as ‘Political Risk Analysis’ (PRA) analytical tools to identify and mitigate environmental, social, political impacts, are mandatory in extractive project planning (Goldwyn and Switzer, 2003). Nevertheless, considering that extractive industries, to a greater extent, are operating in areas of potential or open conflict, in addition to these tools, it is also necessary to adopt conflict-sensitive approaches (CSAs) in extractive industry management. For this purpose, CSAs, which “…encompass a myriad of approaches, concepts, tools and methodologies that inculcate conflict impact awareness into development, humanitarian and peace-building work” (Goldwyn and Switzer, 2003) increasingly have been utilized to enrich the existing impact assessment tools in extractive industry.

Beyond the Blessing and the Curse Debate: Establishing an Intervention Framework for Conflict Prevention in Resources Rich Countries (research grant, Dept of International Relations, Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2013)

Key Words: Extractive industries, resource curse, a paradox of plenty, governance in extractive industry, conflict management and resolution, intervention framework and conflict prevention

For decades, there has been a large body of literature debating whether natural resources are bad or good for economic development. Prior to the late 1980s, a positive correlation between abundant natural resources and development was fairly popular among scholars. In this context, abundant natural resources had been seen as a blessing for a country. Since the late 1980s, however, there has been a challenge to this widely acceptable position, proposing a new argument so-called a resource curse phenomenon. Instead of becoming the source of economic growth, abundant natural resource has led to rampant corruption, violent conflict, and even civil war in resource rich countries. This condition is also extensively regarded as a paradox of plenty. Nevertheless, neither the blessing nor the resource curse argument is able to provide a comprehensive understanding on the role of natural resources in a country’s economic performance. This study, therefore, is moving beyond this debate by focusing more on what political and social factors enable some countries to manage their abundant natural resources and to address resource conflicts and to prevent violence.

Diah Kusumaningrum

Riset:

Damai Pangkal Damai: Penyusunan Database Aksi Nirkekerasan di Indonesia (bersama Ayu Diasti Rahmawati, 2016 – ongoing)

Damai bukanlah sekedar tujuan, damai adalah jalan terbaik menuju perdamaian. Jalan damai—tepatnya, metode nirkekerasan—penting diarusutamakan dalam penanganan konflik di Indonesia mengingat karakter bangsanya yang majemuk dan demokrasinya yang masih perlu dikonsolidasikan. Sayangnya, belum ada baseline data yang dapat dijadikan acuan bagi program yang ingin menanamkan preferensi, memperluas repertoire, dan meningkatkan ketrampilan nirkekerasan di kalangan masyarakat Indonesia. Riset ini berencana menutup kesenjangan itu dengan membuat database metode nirkekerasan di Indonesia paska Reformasi serta menawarkan analisis seputar pola aksi nirkekerasan di Indonesia: mengapa sebuah gerakan memilih metode nirkekerasan, apa saja kondisi yang mendorong keberhasilan atau kegagalan sebuah aksi nirkekerasan?  Riset ini bersifat kualitatif dan menggabungkan 2 metode, yaitu penelusuran media dan wawancara mendalam. Secara lebih khusus, target dari penelusuran media adalah peta kecenderungan aksi nirkekerasan di Indonesia, sedangkan target dari wawancara mendalam dengan pelaku aksi nirkekerasan adalah penjelasan dan/atau pemahaman seputar efektivitas metode nirkekerasan.

Truth and Justice versus Interdependence: Competing Modes of Reconciliation.  The Case of Maluku, Indonesia (doctoral dissertation, 2015)

Truth and justice has been applauded as the way to move on from a violent past. Yet, some postconflict societies managed to do so without the presence, or effective presence, of truth commissions and/or human rights trials. The question is why and how. I approach the question by looking at the case of Maluku, Indonesia, where post- communal conflict reconciliation processes took the interdependence path. I look into the various meanings that Malukans assign to the term rekonsiliasi and identify four sites where interdependence is practiced: (1) ceremonial, (2) neighborhood, (3) functional quotidian, and (narrative).

 

 

 

The Use of Nonviolence in Different Power-Relations Settings (MA dissertation, 2005)

This dissertation aims at identifying and comparing the use of nonviolence in asymmetrical, symmetrical, and systemic conflicts.  The importance of this research is not only to fill the ‘knowledge gap’ in the application of nonviolence in symmetrical and systemic conflicts.  As with how previous studies have helped researchers and activists improve the effectiveness of nonviolent actions in asymmetrical conflicts, by elaborating on how nonviolence works in symmetrical and systemic conflicts, this research wishes to offer a basis for widening the margins of success of nonviolence in these specific settings.